Dry skin is a very irritating and uncomfortable condition, which is accompanied by itching, cracking and scaling. There are many skin types, and each skin type has their specific characteristics. Dry skin can occur because of many atmospheric conditions that come into play in our life or can also be caused just naturally. Sometimes, oily skin also tends to get dry with time so that any skin type can get dry from time to time.
Dry skin can occur in any place on your body and can easily be countered by using moisturizers and hydration gels. However, if these treatments fail to make a difference, then it’s best to contact your doctor!
There are two types of dry skin:
1: Normal Dry Skin
Majority of the people have normal dry skin. This kind of skin shows no excess flaking or oil on the skin. The surface of this skin is smooth and supple. These qualities of skin are usually at a young age, this skin type is matte, beautiful and pores are minimally visible on these skin types. But, the skin is quite sensitive to such skin types. For such sensitive skin types, a lot of moisturizing and thorough care is needed. Any negligence and the skin gets dry very fast, lose its colour temperature and tone. The overall elasticity of the skin is also affected if it’s not taken care of and a lot of irritants are polluting and blocking the pores.
2: Abnormally Dry Skin
Dry skin is a skin type that needs a lot of care and looking after. Dry skin gets tight especially after washing areas around the eyes and mouth and especially forehead. Such skin due to its dry and rough nature is prone to folds and wrinkles. Dry skin is prone to red patches and flaking. The face often gets ashy due to the accumulation of dead skin cells and is hard to get off because of the dryness. Such skin types require extra care, and just regular moisturizing products won’t do. A lot of care is needed, and advance formulas are tried. Particular care is required both for summer and winter seasons.
One of the first signs of healthy skin is vibrant and hydrated skin. Skin needs to be properly moisturized to avoid any dehydration. Dehydration can cause abrasion, damage the skin, and end up changing its tone and color temperature. Dehydration is commonly followed by more severe conditions that end up damaging the skin a lot.
4 Chronic Intoxication:
There are two types of poisoning. Acute poisoning is caused via the oral route while chronic intoxication is mainly from inhalation or skin contact. When the body is exposed to harmful UV rays or Cr(VI) compounds than the skin can get severely damaged, and a lot of things can happen that can make the skin dry, wrinkly and toned back.
5 Vitamin Deficiency
Vitamin A is a powerful antioxidant. Vitamin A plays a critical role in maintaining neurological function, healthy skin, and more. Vitamin B3, also known as niacin, is one of eight B vitamins. It plays a role in helping the body use proteins and fats, and it keeps the skin, hair, and nervous system healthy. These both vitamins work in pairs to maintain the skin healthy and in shape. But if any of these vitamins are deficient then the skin suffers a lot of damage and dryness, and other such factors are present which makes the skin very rough and patchy.
6 Metabolic Disorders
Many enzymes work in pairs to keep the metabolic reactions of our system going. Metabolic reactions set our body in order and maintain the stability and overall functioning proper. If one of the enzymes or hormonal imbalance occurs then metabolic disorders, come forward, and hence the body cannot properly maintain itself. In such a state, the skin gets very rough, itchy and scalp-ish.
Diabetes is a disease, which often causes a lot of rashes and itching. People who have diabetes tend to get skin infections. If you have diabetes, you’re more likely to have dry skin. High blood sugar (glucose) can cause this. If you have a skin infection or poor circulation, these could also contribute to dry, itchy skin.
8 Eczema Allergy
When the human body gets in contact with something that is potentially harmful to the body and makes you sick, the immune system will then trigger an antibody response, and sometimes the immune system will trigger this reaction of the body even if something isn’t potentially harmful. Such substances are known as allergens. When the body reacts to such allergens, an antibody response is triggered.
Allergic eczema is an itchy skin rash that develops when you encounter an allergen. The condition often occurs hours after you’ve been exposed to the substance. Such allergic eczema consists of; allergic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, and contact eczema. It can damage our skin very bad and hence very harmful for the skin.
We have many glands in our body that deal with the hormonal imbalance and keep our body stable. One such gland is the thyroid gland; this gland produces a hormone that controls and deals with the metabolism of the food and other things to release energy. Hypothyroidism occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough hormones. It can also happen if there is less amount of iodine in the body, but when it happens, a condition called goiter takes place. The thyroid gland swells up, and the body becomes hormonally imbalanced. It takes a toll on a lot of things in the body, especially the metabolism rate and skin. The skin gets red, patchy, and extremely dry in some instances.
10 Heat related emergencies
Such crises are related to constant exposure to intense hot weather and the sun or just high temperatures. Such emergencies frequently consist of heat cramps, heat stroke and heat exhaustion. These are conditions that arise when the body is exposed to intense heat and prolonged exposure to high-temperature environment which can take a bad toll on the neurological pathways and also skin. Skin can get extremely dry, spotty, skin tone drastically changes, and the skin color gets blue-ish when the condition is left untreated, or treatment is delayed for some time.
11 Sjogren’s syndrome
The human immune system only attacks and responds to foreign bacteria and invaders that are potentially harmful and damage the body if not stopped. However, there are such diseases where the body starts attacking their cells because it mistakes it for the invaders and hence attacks. Such conditions are called autoimmune diseases and destroy healthy tissues.
Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease that primarily affects the lacrimal glands and the salivary glands. These glands help the body create moisture in the eyes and mouth, in the form of saliva and tears. The body stops or fails to produce enough moisture or any moisture. A very chronic, systemic disorder causes dryness of the eyes, dryness of the skin, and burning sensation of the skin, rashes, and fatigue. Treatment to prevent organ damage is urgently needed if the condition progresses; a medication called disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs is used. They help tamper down the immune system response even more than immune-suppressing drugs.
12 Ichthyosis Vulgaris
An inherited skin condition occurs when the skin doesn’t shed its dead skin cells. The dead skin cells pile up and cause a lot of dryness, the patches of dead skin cells accumulate and spot the surface of the skin. Because of this patchiness, this disease is also known as “fish scale disease” because the dead skin accumulates in a similar pattern to a fish’s scales. The majority of such cases are mild and easily treatable because they are confined to only specific areas of the body. But in some cases, there is severe scaling present and spread across vast areas of the body including the abdomen, back, arms and sometimes even face. There is no exact treatment for this disorder, but a treatment can relieve this condition.
13 Toxic Mega colon
A life threatening disease usually occurs as a complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Toxic megacolon is a rare condition; it is very life threatening since it causes the widening of the large intestine. The large intestine is the lowest section of the digestive tract. The large intestine includes appendix, colon, and rectum. The function of the large intestine is usually to complete the digestive process by absorbing any nutrients left in the food and water and then passing the waste (stool) to the anus.
There are, however, certain conditions that make the large intestine malfunction and one such is toxic megacolon. It is a general term that means the abnormal dilation of the colon. Toxic megacolon developers within a few days and is very life threatening. It can also be a complication of the IBD or caused by infections such as Clostridium severe colitis. The colon, in this case, expands, dilates and distends. When this happens, the colon is unable to remove gas or faeces from the body. If gas and faeces build up in the colon, the large intestine may eventually rupture. If the large intestine ruptures, bacteria present in it gets released into the abdomen which can cause death. Surgery is the most successful cause of treatment in this regard.
Following specialists should be approached if dryness of the skin is persistent and moisturizers and other advanced formulas are of no help:
A dermatologist is someone who specializes in medicine that deals with skin, hair, nails and its diseases and any disorders.
Cosmetologists provide beauty services that include caring for the condition of hair, skin, and nails.
An allergist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies and other such auto-immune diseases.